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P-12 Soviet radar vehicle, plastic/resin/photo-etched
1/72 scale plastic model kit
Condition: New in Box
The P-12 "Yenisei" (also referred to by the NATO reporting name "Spoon Rest" in the west) was an early 2D VHF radar developed and operated by the former Soviet Union.The P-12 Yenisei was a development of the earlier P-10 radar, the P-12 being developed between 1954 and 1956.The P-12 was developed by the SKB Design Bureau, a division of State Plant No.197 named after V. I. Lenin who developed the previous P-10, the predecessor of the current Nizhniy Novgorod Research Institute of Radio Engineering (NNIIRT).The Yenisei radar was accepted into service in 1956 following the successful completion of the radars test program.
In 1958 a modernised variant of the P-12 passed the testing process and entered into service as the P-12M, the modernised radar featured the ability to shift the radar frequency within a range of 10 MHz.A further modernisation came in 1962 in the form of the P-12MP which featured improved reliability, reduced side lobe radiation and the ability to be paired with a centimeter band search radar, in 1970 the radar was provided with flicker equipment to improve immunity to anti-radiation missiles.he main differences between the earlier P-10 and the P-12 included a new antenna feed system with lower side lobes, reduced to 4% of the main lobe. The P-12 also offered a greater frequency range and greater frequency agility, being able to retune to four pre-set frequencies automatically as well as automatic frequency fine tuning. Finally Yenisei had greater accuracy with improved detection range (250 km) and better protection against passive and active interference.The P-12 used a single antennaaccomplishing both transmission and reception, the antenna was composed of twelve Yagi antenna mounted in sets of six with one set above the other. Azimuth was scanned mechanically by the antenna with a rotation of 10 r.p.m, elevation was determined using a Goniometer by comparing the phase comparison between the upper and lower antenna sets, in similar fashion to the original P-3 but since this reduced range it was rarely used.The P-12 was operated by the Soviet Union from 1956 but has since become obsolete and retired from service, replaced by more advanced models entering into service after the P-12 such as the P-18 radar. The P-12 was also exported to many allies of the Soviet Union including Vietnam and Egypt often being used as a search radar for the S-75 surface to air missile system (SA-2 "Guideline").
P-12 "Spoon Rest A" operating in Somalia
|Country of origin||Soviet Union|
|Type||Early Warning Ground Control|
|Precision||1 km range|
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