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Dear Comrade â„–5 (Gorbachev) 1/43 Zebrano F43008

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Brand: Zebrano
Product Code: F43008
Date Added: 15.04.2014
Cash Reward: $0.80
Availability: 2 - 3 Days
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Dear Comrade â„–5 (Gorbachev)


Zebrano F43008


Manufacturer: Zebrano
Scale: 1/43
Material: Plastic
Paint: Unpainted, Unassembled, Kit do not contain paints and glue.
Condition: New in Box

Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (Russian: ÐœÐ¸Ñ…аи́л Серге́евич Горбачёвtr.Mikhail Sergeyevich GorbachyovIPA: [mʲɪxɐˈil sʲɪrˈɡʲejɪvʲɪtÍ¡É• É¡É™rbɐˈt͡ɕɵf] ( ); born 2 March 1931) is a former Soviet statesman. He was the seventh and last undisputed leader of the Soviet Union, having served as General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1985 until 1991, and as the country's head of state from 1988 until its dissolution in 1991 (titled as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet from 1988 to 1990 andPresident of the Soviet Union from 1990 to 1991). He was the only general secretary in the history of the Soviet Union to have been born after theOctober Revolution.

Gorbachev was born in Stavropol Krai into a peasant Ukrainian–Russianfamily, and in his teens operated combine harvesters on collective farms. He graduated from Moscow State University in 1955 with a degree in law. While he was at the university, he joined the Communist Party, and soon became very active within it. In 1970, he was appointed the First Party Secretary of the Stavropol Kraikom, First Secretary to the Supreme Soviet in 1974, and appointed a member of the Politburo in 1979. Within three years of the deaths of Soviet leaders Leonid Brezhnev, Yuri Andropov, and Konstantin Chernenko, Gorbachev was elected General Secretary by the Politburo in 1985. Before he reached the post, he had occasionally been mentioned in Western newspapers as a likely next leader and a man of the younger generation at the top level.

Gorbachev's policies of glasnost ("openness") and perestroika ("restructuring") as well as summit conferences with United States President Ronald Reaganand his reorientation of Soviet strategic aims contributed to the end of the Cold War, removed the constitutional role of the Communist Party in governing the state, and inadvertently led to the dissolution of the Soviet Union. He was awarded the Otto Hahn Peace Medal in 1989, the Nobel Peace Prize in 1990 and the Harvey Prize in 1992 as well as Honorary Doctorates from various universities as discussed below.

In September 2008, Gorbachev and business oligarch Alexander Lebedevannounced they would form the Independent Democratic Party of Russia,and in May 2009 Gorbachev announced that the launch was imminent.His father was a combine harvester operator and World War II veteran, named Sergey Andreyevich Gorbachev. His mother, Maria Panteleyevna Gorbacheva (née Gopkalo), was a kolkhoz worker.In his teens, he operated combine harvesters on collective farms. He graduated from Moscow State University in 1955 with a degree in law. In 1967 he qualified as an agricultural economist via a correspondence masters degree at the Stavropol Institute of Agriculture. While at the university, he joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and soon became very active within the party.

Gorbachev met his future wife, Raisa Titarenko, at Moscow State University. They married in September 1953 and moved to Stavropol upon graduation. She gave birth to their only child, daughter Irina Mikhailovna Virganskaya (Ири́на Миха́йловна Вирга́нская), in 1957. Raisa Gorbacheva died of leukemia in 1999.He was soon made a member of the Communist Party Central Committee in 1971. Three years later, in 1974, he was made a Deputy to the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union and Chairman of the Standing Commission on Youth Affairs. He was subsequently appointed to the Central Committee's Secretariat for Agriculture in 1978, replacing Fyodor Kulakov, who had supported Gorbachev's appointment, after Kulakov died of a heart attack.n 1979, Gorbachev was elected a candidate (non-voting) member of the Politburo, the highest authority in the country, and received full membership in 1980. Gorbachev owed his steady rise to power to the patronage of Mikhail Suslov, the powerful chief ideologist of the CPSUGorbachev's positions within the CPSU created more opportunities to travel abroad, and this would profoundly affect his political and social views in the future as leader of the country. In 1972, he headed a Soviet delegation to Belgium,[9] and three years later he led a delegation to West Germany; in 1983 he headed a delegation to Canada to meet with Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau and members of the Commons and Senate. In 1984, he travelled to the United Kingdom, where he met British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher.

Andropov died in 1984, and indicated that he wanted Gorbachev to succeed him as General Secretary. Instead, the aged Konstantin Chernenko took power, even though he himself was terminally ill.

Mikhail Gorbachev
Михаил Горбачёв
RIAN archive 850809 General Secretary of the CPSU CC M. Gorbachev (crop).jpg
Gorbachev in 1987
President of the Soviet Union
In office
15 March 1990 – 25 December 1991
Vice President Gennady Yanayev
Preceded by Office established
Succeeded by Office abolished
Chairman of the Supreme Soviet
In office
25 May 1989 – 15 March 1990
Deputy Anatoly Lukyanov
Preceded by Office established
Succeeded by Anatoly Lukyanov (Executiveroles transferred to President)
Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
In office
1 October 1988 – 25 May 1989
Preceded by Andrei Gromyko
Succeeded by Office abolished
General Secretary of the Central Committeeof the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
In office
11 March 1985 – 24 August 1991
Deputy Yegor Ligachev
Vladimir Ivashko (1990-1991)
Preceded by Konstantin Chernenko
Succeeded by Office abolished
Full member of the 25th, 26th, 27th, 28thPolitburo
In office
21 October 1980 – 24 August 1991
Candidate member of the 25th Politburo
In office
27 November 1979 – 21 October 1980
Member of the Secretariat
In office
27 November 1978 – 24 August 1991
Personal details
Born Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev
2 March 1931 (age 83)
Privolnoye, Stavropol Krai,Russian SFSR, USSR
Nationality Russian
Political party Independent Democratic Party(2008–present)
Union of Social Democrats(2007–present)
Other political
Social Democratic Party (2001–2004)
Communist Party (1950–1991)
Spouse(s) Raisa Gorbachova (m. 1953–1999; her death)
Children Irina Mikhailovna Virganskaya
Alma mater Moscow State University
Profession Lawyer
Religion None (Atheist; see religious affiliation).

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