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Dear Comrade, number 1 (Brezhnev) 1/43 Zebrano F43001

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Brand: Zebrano
Product Code: F43001
Date Added: 15.04.2014
Cash Reward: $0.80
Availability: 1
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Dear Comrade, number 1 (Brezhnev)


Zebrano F43001


Manufacturer: Zebrano
Scale: 1/43
Material: Plastic
Paint: Unpainted, Unassembled, Kit do not contain paints and glue.
Condition: New in Box

Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev (Russian: Ð›ÐµÐ¾Ð½Ð¸ÌÐ´ Ильи́ч Бре́жневIPA: [lʲɪɐˈnʲid ɪlʲˈjitÉ• ˈbrʲeʐnʲɪf] ( ); Ukrainian: Ð›ÐµÐ¾Ð½Ñ–́д Іллі́ч Бре́жнєв, 19 December 1906 (O.S. 6 December) – 10 November 1982) was the General Secretary of theCentral Committee (CC) of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), presiding over the country from 1964 until his death in 1982. His eighteen-year term as General Secretary was second only to that of Joseph Stalin in duration. During Brezhnev's rule, the global influence of the Soviet Union grew dramatically, in part because of the expansion of the Soviet military during this time. However, his tenure as leader has often been criticized for marking the beginning of an era of economic and social stagnation that eventually led to the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.

Brezhnev was born in Kamenskoe into a Russian worker's family. After graduating from the Dniprodzerzhynsk Metallurgical Technicum, he became ametallurgical engineer in the iron and steel industry, in Ukraine. He joinedKomsomol in 1923, and in 1929 became an active member of the Communist Party. He was drafted into immediate military service during World War II and left the army in 1946 with the rank of Major General. In 1952 Brezhnev became a member of the Central Committee, and in 1964, Brezhnev succeeded Nikita Khrushchev as First Secretary. Alexei Kosygin succeeded Khrushchev in his post as Chairman of the Council of Ministers.

As a leader, Brezhnev took care to consult his colleagues before acting, but his attempt to govern without meaningful economic reforms led to a national decline by the mid-1970s, a period referred to as the Era of Stagnation. A significant increase in military expenditure, which by the time of Brezhnev's death stood at approximately 15% of the country's GNP, and an aging and ineffective leadership set the stage for a dwindling GNP compared to Western nations. While at the helm of the USSR, Brezhnev pushed for détente between the Eastern and Western countries. He presided over the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia to stop the Prague Spring, and his last major decision in power was to send the Soviet military to Afghanistan in an attempt to save the fragile regime, which was fighting a war against the mujahideen.

After suffering from various illnesses for several years, Brezhnev died on 10 November 1982 and was quickly succeeded in his post as General Secretary by Yuri Andropov. Brezhnev had fostered a cult of personality, although not nearly to the same degree as Stalin. Mikhail Gorbachev, who would lead the USSR from 1985 to 1991, denounced his legacy and drove the process ofliberalisation of the Soviet Union. In spite of this, opinion polls in Russia show Brezhnev to be the most popular Russian leader of the 20th century.

Leonid Brezhnev
Leonid Brežněv (Bundesarchiv).jpg
Brezhnev in East Berlin in 1967
General Secretary of the Central Committee
of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
(The office was named First Secretary until 1966)
In office
14 October 1964 – 10 November 1982
Preceded by Nikita Khrushchev
Succeeded by Yuri Andropov
Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme
Soviet of the Soviet Union
In office
16 June 1977 – 10 November 1982
Preceded by Nikolai Podgorny
Succeeded by Yuri Andropov
In office
7 May 1960 – 15 July 1964
Preceded by Kliment Voroshilov
Succeeded by Anastas Mikoyan
Chairman of the Bureau of the Central
Committee of the Russian SFSR
In office
16 November 1964 – 8 April 1966
Deputy Andrei Kirilenko
Preceded by Nikita Khrushchev
Succeeded by None—post abolished
Full member of the 20th, 21st, 22nd, 23rd,24th, 25th, 26th Politburo
In office
27 February 1956 – 10 November 1982
Member of the Secretariat
In office
29 June 1957 – 10 November 1982

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