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Dear Comrade, â„–3 (Stalin)
Paint: Unpainted, Unassembled, Kit do not contain paints and glue.
Condition: New in Box
Joseph Stalin or Iosif Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Ð˜Ð¾ÌÑÐ¸Ñ„ Ð’Ð¸ÑÑÐ°Ñ€Ð¸Ð¾ÌÐ½Ð¾Ð²Ð¸Ñ‡ Ð¡Ñ‚Ð°ÌÐ»Ð¸Ð½, pronounced [ËˆjosÊ²Éªf vÊ²ÉªsÉËˆrÊ²onÉ™vÊ²ÉªtÍ¡É• ËˆstalÊ²Éªn]; born Ioseb Besarionis Dze Jugashvili, Georgian: áƒ˜áƒáƒ¡áƒ”áƒ‘ áƒ‘áƒ”áƒ¡áƒáƒ áƒ˜áƒáƒœáƒ˜áƒ¡ áƒ«áƒ” áƒ¯áƒ£áƒ¦áƒáƒ¨áƒ•áƒ˜áƒšáƒ˜,pronounced [iÉ”sÉ›b bÉ›sariÉ”nis dÍ¡ze dÍ¡Ê’uÉ£aÊƒvili]; 18 December 1878– 5 March 1953), was the leader of the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s until his death in 1953.
Among the Bolshevik revolutionaries who took part in the Russian Revolutionof 1917, Stalin was appointed general secretary of the party's Central Committee in 1922. He subsequently managed to consolidate power following the 1924 death of Vladimir Lenin through suppressing Lenin's criticisms (in the postscript of his testament) and expanding the functions of his role, all the while eliminating any opposition. By the late 1920s, he was the unchallenged leader of the Soviet Union. He remained general secretary until the post was abolished in 1952, concurrently serving as the Premier of the Soviet Unionfrom 1941 onward.
Under Stalin's rule, the concept of "socialism in one country" became a central tenet of Soviet society. He replaced the New Economic Policy introduced by Lenin in the early 1920s with a highly centralised command economy, launching a period of industrialization and collectivization that resulted in the rapid transformation of the USSR from an agrarian society into an industrial power.However, the economic changes coincided with the imprisonment of millions of people in correctional labour campsand the deportation of many others to remote areas.The initial upheaval in agriculture disrupted food production and contributed to the catastrophic Soviet famine of 1932–1933, known as the Holodomor in Ukraine. Later, in a period that lasted from 1936 to 1939, Stalin instituted a campaign against alleged enemies within his regime, called the Great Purge, in which hundreds of thousands were executed. Major figures in the Communist Party, such as the old Bolsheviks, Leon Trotsky, and several Red Army leaders, were killed after being convicted of plotting to overthrow the government and Stalin.In August 1939, Stalin entered into a non-aggression pact with Nazi Germanythat divided their influence and territory within Eastern Europe, resulting in their invasion of Poland in September of that year, but Germany later violated the agreement and launched a massive invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941. Despite heavy human and territorial losses, Soviet forces managed to halt the Nazi incursion after the decisive Battles of Moscow and Stalingrad. After defeating the Axis powers on the Eastern Front, the Red Army captured Berlinin May 1945, effectively ending the war in Europe for the Allies.The Yalta and Potsdam conferencesestablished communist governments loyal to the Soviet Union in the Eastern Bloc countries as buffer states, which Stalin deemed necessary in case of another invasion. He also fostered close relations with Mao Zedong in China and Kim Il-sung in North Korea.
Stalin led the Soviet Union through its post-war reconstruction phase, which saw a significant rise in tension with the Western world that would later be known as the Cold War. During this period, the USSR became the second country in the world to successfully develop a nuclear weapon, as well as launching the Great Plan for the Transformation of Nature in response toanother widespread famine and the Great Construction Projects of Communism. In the years following his death, Stalin and his regime have been condemned on numerous occasions, most notably in 1956 when his successorNikita Khrushchev denounced his legacy and initiated a process of de-Stalinization. He remains a controversial figure today, with many regarding him as a tyrant similar to his wartime enemy Adolf Hitler; however, popular opinion within the Russian Federation is mixed. As a natural direction was toward Western Europe, the bolsheviks had to conquer a newly reborn independent state of Poland. That was the beginning of what became known as the Polish–Soviet War. After initial successes of Polish Army, the Bolsheviks pushed them back into central Poland. As the people's commisair to high command of the southern front, Stalin was determined to take the then Polish city of Lwów (now Lviv in Ukraine). This conflicted with the general strategy set by Lenin and Trotsky, which focused on the capture of Warsaw further north.
Tukhachevsky's forces engaged those of Polish commanders Józef PiÅ‚sudski and WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw Sikorski at the pivotal Battle of Warsaw, but Stalin refused to redirect his troops from Lwów to help. Consequently, the four invading armies of Soviet Russia fighting for the Polish capital were totally routed by Poles, and the battles for both Lwów and Warsaw were lost, and Stalin was blamed. In August 1920, Stalin returned to Moscow, where he defended himself and resigned his military command. At the Ninth Party Conference on 22 September, Trotsky openly criticized Stalin's behavior.
Ð˜Ð¾ÑÐ¸Ñ„ Ð¡Ñ‚Ð°Ð»Ð¸Ð½ (Russian)
áƒ˜áƒáƒ¡áƒ”áƒ‘ áƒ¡áƒ¢áƒáƒšáƒ˜áƒœáƒ˜ (Georgian)
|Stalin at the Tehran Conference in 1943.|
|General secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union|
3 April 1922 – 16 October 1952
(as Responsible Secretary)
|Chairman of the Council of Ministers|
6 May 1941 – 5 March 1953
|Preceded by||Vyacheslav Molotov|
|Succeeded by||Georgy Malenkov|
|People's Commissar for Defense of the Soviet Union|
19 July 1941 – 25 February 1946
|Preceded by||Semyon Timoshenko|
|Member of the Secretariat|
3 April 1922 – 5 March 1953
|Full member of the 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th,13th, 14th, 15th, 16th, 17th, 18th, 19thPresidium|
8 March 1919 – 5 March 1953
|Member of the Orgburo|
16 January 1919 – 5 March 1953
Ioseb Besarionis dze Jugashvili
18 December 1878
Gori, Tiflis Governorate,Russian Empire
5 March 1953 (aged 74)
Kuntsevo Dacha, Kuntsevo,Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Lenin's Mausoleum, Moscow (9 March 1953 – 31 October 1961)
Kremlin Wall Necropolis, Moscow (from 31 October 1961)
|Political party||Communist Party of the Soviet Union|
Ekaterina Svanidze (1906–1907)
Nadezhda Alliluyeva (1919–1932)
|Children||Yakov Dzhugashvili, Vasily Dzhugashvili, Svetlana Alliluyeva|
|Religion||None (atheist), formerlyGeorgian Orthodox|
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