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Russian battleship 'Potemkin'
1/400 Submarines, boats, ships
Ark Models 40003
Manufacturer: Ark Models (Russia)
Unpainted, Unassembled, Kit do not contain paints and glue.
Condition: New in Box
The Russian battleship Potemkin (Russian: ÐšÐ½ÑÐ·ÑŒ ÐŸÐ¾Ñ‚Ñ‘Ð¼ÐºÐ¸Ð½ Ð¢Ð°Ð²Ñ€Ð¸Ñ‡ÐµÑÐºÐ¸Ð¹, Kniaz Potemkin Tavritchesky, "Prince Potemkin ofTauris") was a pre-dreadnought battleship built for the Imperial Russian Navy's Black Sea Fleet. The ship was made famous by the rebellion of the crew against their oppressive officers in June 1905 (during theRussian Revolution of 1905). It later came to be viewed as an initial step towards the Russian Revolution of 1917, and was the basis of Sergei Eisenstein's silent film The Battleship Potemkin (1925).
Following the mutiny in 1905, the ship's name was changed toPanteleimon. She accidentally sank a Russian submarine in 1909 and was badly damaged when she ran aground in 1911. Panteleimonparticipated in the Battle of Cape Sarych shortly after Russia declared war on the Ottoman Empire in late 1914 during World War I. She covered several bombardments of the Bosphorus fortifications in early 1915, including one where she was attacked by the Turkishbattlecruiser Yavuz Sultan Selim; Panteleimon and the other Russian pre-dreadnoughts, managed to drive her off. The ship was relegated to secondary roles after the first dreadnought entered service in late 1915 and reduced to reserve in 1918 in Sevastopol.
Panteleimon was captured when the Germans took Sevastopol in May 1918 and was handed over to the Allies after the Armistice in November 1918. Her engines were destroyed in 1919 by the British when they withdrew from Sevastopol to prevent the advancing Bolsheviks from using them against the White Russians. She was abandoned when the Whites evacuated the Crimea in 1920 and was finally scrapped by the Soviets in 1923.A slipway would become available at the Nikolayev Admiralty Shipyard in 1896, and planning began in 1895 for a new battleship to utilize it. The Naval Staff and the commander of the Black Sea Fleet, Vice Admiral K. P. Pilkin, decided on a copy of the Peresvet-class battleship design, but they were overruled by General Admiral Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich who decided that the long range and 10-inch (250 mm) guns of the Peresvet class were inappropriate for the narrow confines of the Black Sea. He ordered that an improved version of Tri Sviatitelia be designed; he wanted a higher forecastle to improve the ship's seakeeping qualities and Krupp cemented armour as well asBelleville boilers. The design process was complicated by numerous changes demanded by various departments of the Naval Technical Committee, but the design was finally approved on 12 June 1897, although design changes continued to be made and slowed the ship's construction.The ship had a pair of three-cylinder vertical triple-expansion steam engines that had a total designed output of 10,600indicated horsepower (7,900 kW). Twenty-two Belleville boilers provided steam to the engines, each of which drove onepropeller. The eight boilers in the forward boiler room were oil-fired and the remaining 14 were coal-fired. On 31 October 1903, she reached a top speed of 16.5 knots (30.6 km/h; 19.0 mph) with her boilers at a pressure of 15 atm (1,520 kPa; 220 psi) during her sea trials. Leaking oil caused a serious fire on 2 January 1904 that caused the navy to convert her boilers to coal firing at a cost of 20,000 rubles. She carried a maximum of 1,100 long tons (1,100 t) of coal at full load that provided a range of 3,200 nautical miles (5,900 km; 3,700 mi) at a speed of 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph).On 27 June 1905, Potemkin was at gunnery practice near Tendra Island off the Ukrainian coast when many enlisted men refused to eat the borscht made from rotten meat partially infested with maggots when it was delivered to the warship by the Potemkin's escort, the torpedo boat Ismail (No. 627). The uprising was triggered when Ippolit Giliarovsky, the ship's second in command, allegedly threatened to shoot crew members for their refusal. He summoned the ship's marine guards as well as a tarpaulin to protect the ship's deck from any blood in an attempt to intimidate the crew. Giliarovsky was killed after he mortally wounded Grigory Vakulinchuk, one of the mutiny's leaders. The mutineers killed seven of the Potemkin's eighteen officers, including Captain Evgeny Golikov and Giliarovsky, and captured Ismail. They organized a ship's committee of 25 sailors, led by Afanasi Matushenko, to run the battleship.
|Career (Russian Empire)|
|Builder:||Nikolaev Admiralty Shipyard|
|Laid down:||10 October 1898|
|Launched:||9 October 1900|
|Out of service:||19 April 1919|
|Struck:||21 November 1925|
|Displacement:||12,480 long tons (12,680 t) (designed)
12,900 long tons (13,107 t) (actual)
|Length:||378 ft 6 in (115.4 m)|
|Beam:||73 ft (22.3 m)|
|Draft:||27 ft (8.2 m)|
|Installed power:||10,600 ihp (7,900 kW)
22 Belleville boilers
|Propulsion:||2 shafts, 2 Vertical triple-expansion steam engines|
|Speed:||16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph)|
|Range:||3,200 nautical miles (5,900 km; 3,700 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph)|
|Complement:||26 officers, 705 enlisted men|
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