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Dear Comrade â„–4 (Yeltsin) 1/43 Zebrano F43007

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Brand: Zebrano
Product Code: F43007
Date Added: 15.04.2014
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Availability: 1
$15.90
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Dear Comrade â„–4 (Yeltsin)

1/43

Zebrano F43007

 

Manufacturer: Zebrano
Scale: 1/43
Material: Plastic
Paint: Unpainted, Unassembled, Kit do not contain paints and glue.
Condition: New in Box

Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin (Russian: Ð‘ори́с Никола́евич Е́льцинIPA: [bɐˈrʲis nʲɪkɐˈlaɪvʲɪtÉ• ˈjelʲtsɨn] ( ); 1 February 1931 – 23 April 2007) was a Russian politician and the first President of the Russian Federation, serving from 1991 to 1999.

Originally a supporter of Mikhail Gorbachev, Yeltsin emerged under theperestroika reforms as one of Gorbachev's most powerful political opponents. On 29 May 1990 he was elected the chairman of the Russian Supreme Soviet. On 12 June 1991 he was elected by popular vote to the newly created post of President of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (SFSR), at that time one of the 15 constituent republics of the Soviet Union. Upon the resignation of Mikhail Gorbachev and the final dissolution of the Soviet Unionon 25 December 1991, Yeltsin remained in office as the President of the Russian Federation, the USSR's successor state. Yeltsin was reelected in the1996 election; in the second round he defeated Gennady Zyuganov from the revived Communist Party by a margin of 13%. However, Yeltsin never recovered his early popularity after a series of economic and political crises in Russia in the 1990s.

He vowed to transform Russia's socialist command economy into a free market economy and implemented economic shock therapy, price liberalization andprivatization programs. Due to the method of privatization, a good deal of the national wealth fell into the hands of a small group of oligarchs.Much of the Yeltsin era was marked by widespread corruption, inflation, economic collapseand enormous political and social problems that affected Russia and the other former states of the USSR. Within the first few years of his presidency, many of Yeltsin's political supporters turned against him and Vice President Alexander Rutskoy denounced the reforms as "economic genocide".Ongoing confrontations with the Supreme Soviet climaxed in the October 1993 Russian constitutional crisis in which Yeltsin illegally ordered the dissolution of the parliament, which then attempted to remove him from office. The military eventually sided with Yeltsin and besieged and shelled the Russian White House, resulting in the deaths of 187 people. Yeltsin then scrapped theexisting constitution, temporarily banned political opposition and deepened his economic experimentation. He then introduced a new constitution with stronger presidential power and it was approved by referendum on 12 December 1993 with 58.5% of voters in favour.

On 31 December 1999, Yeltsin made a surprise announcement of his resignation, leaving the presidency in the hands of his chosen successor, then-Prime Minister Vladimir Putin. Yeltsin left office widely unpopular with the Russian population.By some estimates, his approval ratings when leaving office were as low as 2%.Boris Yeltsin studied at Pushkin High School in Berezniki. He was fond of sports (in particular skiinggymnasticsvolleyballtrack and fieldboxing and wrestling) despite losing the thumb and index finger of his left hand when he and some friends furtively entered a Red Army supply depot, stole several grenades, and tried to disassemble them.In 1949 Yeltsin was admitted to the Ural Polytechnic Institute in Sverdlovsk, majoring in construction, and he graduated in 1955. The subject of his degree paper was "Construction of a Mine Shaft".From 1955 to 1957 he worked as a foreman with the building trust Uraltyazhtrubstroy. From 1957 to 1963 he worked in Sverdlovsk, and was promoted from construction site superintendent to chief of the Construction Directorate with the Yuzhgorstroy Trust. In 1963 he became chief engineer, and in 1965 head of the Sverdlovsk House-Building Combine, responsible for sewerage and technical plumbing. He joined the ranks of the CPSU nomenklatura in 1968 when he was appointed head of construction with the Sverdlovsk Regional Party Committee. In 1975 he became secretary of the regional committee in charge of the region's industrial development. In 1976 the Politburo of the CPSU promoted him to the post of the first secretary of the CPSU Committee of Sverdlovsk Oblast (effectively he became the head of one of the most important industrial regions in the USSR); he remained in this position until 1985.On 11 March 1985, Mikhail Gorbachev was elected General Secretary of the CPSU by the Politburo after the death ofKonstantin Chernenko. Gorbachev's primary goal was to revive the Soviet economy; however, he soon realized that fixing the Soviet economy would be nearly impossible without reforming the political and social structure of the Communist nation.To begin these reforms he immediately began gathering in Moscow a younger and more energetic governing team of Communist Party members. On 4 April 1985 Yeltsin received a call from Gorbachev's leading protege Yegor Ligachev summoning him to Moscow to take up position as Head of the Construction Department of the Party's Central Committee.On 23 December 1985, Mikhail Gorbachev appointed Yeltsin First Secretary of the Moscow Communist Party, effectively 'Mayor' of the Soviet capital, and as a result, on 18 February 1986, Yeltsin was invited to become a Candidate (non-voting) Member of the Politburo. As a politburo member Yeltsin was also given a country house (dacha) which was previously occupied by Gorbachev who now moved to a much bigger and more luxurious purpose built dacha nearby. During this period, Yeltsin portrayed himself as a reformer and populist (for example, he took a trolleybus to work), firing and reshuffling his staff several times. He became popular among Moscow residents for firing corrupt Moscow party officials.

Boris Yeltsin
Борис Ельцин
Борис Николаевич Ельцин.jpg
1st President of Russia
In office
10 July 1991 – 31 December 1999
Prime Minister Yegor Gaidar 1992
Viktor Chernomyrdin 1992–1998
Sergey Kiriyenko 1998
Yevgeny Primakov 1998–1999
Sergei Stepashin 1999
Vladimir Putin 1999
Vice President Alexander Rutskoy (1991–1993)
Preceded by Office established
Succeeded by Vladimir Putin
Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR
In office
29 May 1990 – 10 July 1991
Preceded by Vitaly Vorotnikov
Succeeded by Ruslan Khasbulatov acting
Personal details
Born Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin
Борис Николаевич Ельцин

1 February 1931
Butka, Sverdlovsk Oblast,Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Died 23 April 2007 (aged 76)
Moscow, Russia
Nationality Russian
Political party Independent (after 1990)
Other political
affiliations
Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1961-1990)
Spouse(s) Naina Yeltsina
Children Tatyana Borisovna Dyachenko
Elena Borisovna Okulova
Alma mater Ural State Technical University
Religion Russian Orthodoxy
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